Changes between Version 6 and Version 7 of TracFineGrainedPermissions


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Timestamp:
Aug 24, 2019, 7:16:43 AM (7 weeks ago)
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trac
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  • TracFineGrainedPermissions

    v6 v7  
    55There is a general mechanism in place that allows custom **permission policies** to grant or deny any action on any Trac resource, or even specific versions of a resource.
    66
    7 That mechanism is `authz_policy`, which is an optional module in `tracopt.perm.authz_policy.*`, so it is installed by default. It can be activated via the //Plugins// panel in the Trac administration module.
     7That mechanism is `AuthzPolicy`, an optional component in `tracopt.perm.authz_policy.*` which is not activated by default. It can be activated via the //Plugins// panel in the Trac administration module.
     8
     9See TracPermissions for a more general introduction to Trac permissions and permission policies.
    810
    911== Permission Policies
     
    1517{{{#!ini
    1618[trac]
    17 permission_policies = ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    18 }}}
    19 
    20 * [#ReadonlyWikiPolicy] controls readonly access to wiki pages.
     19permission_policies = DefaultWikiPolicy,
     20 DefaultTicketPolicy,
     21 DefaultPermissionPolicy,
     22 LegacyAttachmentPolicy
     23}}}
     24
     25* [#DefaultWikiPolicyandDefaultTicketPolicy DefaultWikiPolicy] controls readonly access to wiki pages.
     26* [#DefaultWikiPolicyandDefaultTicketPolicy DefaultTicketPolicy] provides elevated privileges in the ticket system for authenticated users.
    2127* !DefaultPermissionPolicy checks for the traditional coarse-grained permissions described in TracPermissions.
    2228* !LegacyAttachmentPolicy uses the coarse-grained permissions to check permissions on attachments.
    2329
    2430Among the optional choices, there is [#AuthzPolicy], a very generic permission policy, based on an Authz-style system. See
    25 [trac:source:branches/1.2-stable/tracopt/perm/authz_policy.py authz_policy.py] for details.
     31[trac:source:trunk/tracopt/perm/authz_policy.py authz_policy.py] for details.
    2632
    2733Another permission policy [#AuthzSourcePolicy], uses the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/nightly/en/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html path-based authorization] defined by Subversion to enforce permissions on the version control system.
    2834
    29 See also [trac:source:branches/1.2-stable/sample-plugins/permissions sample-plugins/permissions] for more examples.
     35See also [trac:source:trunk/sample-plugins/permissions sample-plugins/permissions] for more examples.
    3036
    3137=== !AuthzPolicy
    3238==== Configuration
    33 * Put a [http://swapoff.org/files/authzpolicy.conf conf] file in a secure location on the server, not readable by users other than the webuser. If the  file contains non-ASCII characters, the UTF-8 encoding should be used.
     39* Put an empty conf file (`authzpolicy.conf`) in a secure location on the server, not readable by users other than the webuser. If the  file contains non-ASCII characters, the UTF-8 encoding should be used.
    3440* Update your `trac.ini`:
    35   1. modify the [TracIni#trac-section permission_policies] entry in the `[trac]` section:
    36 {{{#!ini
    37 [trac]
    38 permission_policies = AuthzPolicy, ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
     41  1. modify the [TracIni#trac-permission_policies-option permission_policies] option in the `[trac]` section:
     42{{{#!ini
     43[trac]
     44permission_policies = AuthzPolicy, DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    3945}}}
    4046  1. add a new `[authz_policy]` section and point the `authz_file` option to the conf file:
     
    9298  * If a value (permission) is prefixed with a `!`, the permission is denied rather than granted.
    9399
    94 The username will match any of 'anonymous', 'authenticated', <username> or '*', using normal Trac permission rules. || '''Note:''' Other groups which are created by user (e.g. by 'adding subjects to groups' on web interface page //Admin / Permissions//) cannot be used. See [trac:ticket:5648 #5648] for details about this missing feature. ||
     100The username will match any of 'anonymous', 'authenticated', <username> or '*', using normal Trac permission rules.
     101
     102|| '''Note:''' Other groups which are created by user (e.g. by 'adding subjects to groups' on web interface page //Admin / Permissions//) cannot be used. See [trac:#5648] for details about this missing feature. ||
    95103
    96104For example, if the `authz_file` contains:
     
    176184
    177185==== Missing Features
    178 Although possible with the !DefaultPermissionPolicy handling (see Admin panel), fine-grained permissions still miss those grouping features (see [trac:ticket:9573 #9573], [trac:ticket:5648 #5648]). Patches are partially available, see authz_policy.2.patch, part of [trac:ticket:6680 #6680].
     186Although possible with the !DefaultPermissionPolicy handling (see Admin panel), fine-grained permissions still miss those grouping features (see [trac:#9573], [trac:#5648]). Patches are partially available, see authz_policy.2.patch, part of [trac:ticket:6680 #6680].
    179187
    180188You cannot do the following:
     
    198206}}}
    199207
    200 === !AuthzSourcePolicy  (mod_authz_svn-like permission policy) #AuthzSourcePolicy
    201 
    202 `AuthzSourcePolicy` can be used for restricting access to the repository. Granular permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's mod_authz_svn.
     208=== !AuthzSourcePolicy  (`mod_authz_svn`-like permission policy) #AuthzSourcePolicy
     209
     210`AuthzSourcePolicy` can be used for restricting access to the repository. Granular permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's `mod_authz_svn`.
    203211More information about this file format and about its usage in Subversion is available in the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.7/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html Path-Based Authorization] section in the Server Configuration chapter of the svn book.
    204212
     
    250258'''Note:''' Usernames inside the Authz file __must__ be the same as those used inside trac.
    251259
    252 As of version 0.12, make sure you have ''!AuthzSourcePolicy'' included in the permission_policies list in trac.ini, otherwise the authz permissions file will be ignored.
    253 
    254 {{{#!ini
    255 [trac]
    256 permission_policies = AuthzSourcePolicy, ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
     260Make sure you have ''!AuthzSourcePolicy'' included in the permission_policies list in trac.ini, otherwise the authz permissions file will be ignored.
     261
     262{{{#!ini
     263[trac]
     264permission_policies = AuthzSourcePolicy, DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    257265}}}
    258266
     
    272280For information about how to restrict access to entire projects in a multiple project environment see [trac:wiki:TracMultipleProjectsSVNAccess].
    273281
    274 === ReadonlyWikiPolicy
    275 
    276 Since 1.1.2, the read-only attribute of wiki pages is enabled and enforced when `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` is in the list of active permission policies. The default for new Trac installations in 1.1.2 and later is:
    277 {{{
    278 [trac]
    279 permission_policies = ReadonlyWikiPolicy,
     282=== !DefaultWikiPolicy and !DefaultTicketPolicy
     283
     284Since 1.1.2, the read-only attribute of wiki pages is enabled and enforced when `DefaultWikiPolicy` is in the list of active permission policies (`DefaultWikiPolicy` was named `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` from Trac 1.1.2 to 1.3.1). The default for new Trac installations in 1.3.2 and later is:
     285{{{#!ini
     286[trac]
     287permission_policies = DefaultWikiPolicy,
     288 DefaultTicketPolicy,
    280289 DefaultPermissionPolicy,
    281290 LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    282291}}}
    283292
    284 When upgrading from earlier versions of Trac, `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` will be appended to the list of `permission_policies` when upgrading the environment, provided that `permission_policies` has the default value. If any non-default `permission_polices` are active, `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` **will need to be manually added** to the list. A message will be echoed to the console when upgrading the environment, indicating if any action needs to be taken.
    285 
    286 **!ReadonlyWikiPolicy must be listed //before// !DefaultPermissionPolicy**. The latter returns `True` to allow modify, delete or rename actions when the user has the respective `WIKI_*` permission, without consideration for the read-only attribute.
    287 
    288 The `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` returns `False` to deny modify, delete and rename actions on wiki pages when the page has the read-only attribute set and the user does not have `WIKI_ADMIN`, regardless of `WIKI_MODIFY`, `WIKI_DELETE` and `WIKI_RENAME` permissions. It returns `None` for all other cases.
    289 
    290 When active, the [#AuthzPolicy] should therefore come before `ReadonlyWikiPolicy`, allowing it to grant or deny the actions on individual resources, which is the usual ordering for `AuthzPolicy` in the `permission_policies` list.
    291 {{{
     293`DefaultWikiPolicy` returns `False` to deny modify, delete and rename actions on wiki pages when the page has the read-only attribute set and the user does not have `WIKI_ADMIN`, regardless of `WIKI_MODIFY`, `WIKI_DELETE` and `WIKI_RENAME` permissions. It returns `None` for all other cases, which causes the next permission policy in the list to be consulted.
     294
     295Since 1.3.2 `DefaultTicketPolicy` implements the following behaviors:
     296* Authenticated user can edit their own comments.
     297* Authenticated user with `TICKET_APPEND` or `TICKET_CHGPROP` can modify the description of a ticket they reported.
     298* User with `MILESTONE_VIEW` can change  the ticket milestone.
     299
     300The wiki- and ticket-specific behaviors are implemented in permission policies so they can be easily replaced in case other behavior is desired.
     301
     302When upgrading from earlier versions of Trac, `DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy` will be appended to the list of `permission_policies` when upgrading the environment, provided that `permission_policies` has the default value (`ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy` if upgrading from Trac 1.1.2 or later). If any non-default `permission_polices` are active, `DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy` **will need to be manually added** to the list. A message will be echoed to the console when upgrading the environment, indicating if any action needs to be taken.
     303
     304**!DefaultWikiPolicy and !DefaultTicketPolicy must be listed //before// !DefaultPermissionPolicy**. The latter returns `True` to allow modify, delete or rename actions when the user has the respective `WIKI_*` permission, without consideration for the read-only attribute. Similarly, some of the behaviors implemented in `DefaultTicketPolicy` won't be considered if `DefaultPermissionPolicy` is executed first.
     305
     306When active, the [#AuthzPolicy] should therefore come before `DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy`, allowing it to grant or deny the actions on individual resources, which is the usual ordering for `AuthzPolicy` in the `permission_policies` list.
     307{{{#!ini
    292308[trac]
    293309permission_policies = AuthzPolicy,
    294  ReadonlyWikiPolicy,
     310 DefaultWikiPolicy,
     311 DefaultTicketPolicy,
    295312 DefaultPermissionPolicy,
    296313 LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    297314}}}
    298315
    299 The placement of [#AuthzSourcePolicy] relative to `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` does not matter since they don't perform checks on the same realms.
    300 
    301 For all other permission policies, the user will need to decide the proper ordering. Generally, if the permission policy should be capable of overriding the check performed by `ReadonlyWikiPolicy`, it should come before `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` in the list. If the `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` should override the check performed by another permission policy, as is the case for `DefaultPermissionPolicy`, then `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` should come first.
     316The placement of [#AuthzSourcePolicy] relative to `DefaultWikiPolicy, DefaultTicketPolicy` does not matter since they don't perform checks on the same realms.
     317
     318For all other permission policies, the user will need to decide the proper ordering. Generally, if the permission policy should be capable of overriding the checks performed by `DefaultWikiPolicy` or `DefaultTicketPolicy`, it should come before the policy it overrides. If `DefaultWikiPolicy` or `DefaultTicketPolicy` should override the check performed by another permission policy, as is the case for those policies relative to `DefaultPermissionPolicy`, then the overriding policy should come first.
    302319
    303320== Debugging permissions
     
    319336----
    320337See also: TracPermissions,
    321 [http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/FineGrainedPageAuthzEditorPlugin TracHacks:FineGrainedPageAuthzEditorPlugin] for a simple editor plugin.
     338[http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/FineGrainedPageAuthzEditorPlugin FineGrainedPageAuthzEditorPlugin] for a simple editor.